Periodic antenatal check-ups according to the doctor’s appointment is one of the very important things that pregnant women should follow throughout pregnancy. This not only helps pregnant women get proper health care, but also brings many benefits to the fetus.
You know you are pregnant and wondering if you should go to the antenatal clinic right away? What are the important antenatal check-ups during pregnancy? Let’s refer to the 15 milestones of regular antenatal care that Blog Y Khoa shared in the last article Hello Bacsi!
15 milestones for regular antenatal check-ups that pregnant women cannot ignore
Important prenatal check-ups in the first trimester (from the time you know you’re pregnant to 13 weeks and 6 days)
First prenatal check-up
The first prenatal visit usually takes place when you are about 5-8 weeks pregnant. This is one of the important antenatal check-ups to assess whether you are indeed pregnant and determine the implantation site of the embryo, as well as find the fetal heart.
You know you are pregnant when you notice that your period is about a week late or you have early signs of pregnancy and use a pregnancy test to see 2 lines. At this time, if you go to the doctor, your doctor will order you to do the following tests:
• Check your weight and height to caculate your body’s BMI to assess whether you are overweight or obese. If so, your doctor will instruct you on how to control your pregnancy weight to limit possible pregnancy complications.
• Have your blood pressure measured to see if you have high blood pressure or are at risk for preeclampsia.
• Urine test, pregnancy hormone (hCG) test to make sure you are pregnant, embryo is developing normally.
• Ultrasound checks the embryo’s position and gestational age to promptly detect abnormalities such as ectopic pregnancy…
• Calculate your baby’s gestational age and due date based on the first day of your last period.
In addition, you may have blood tests to check the general health of the mother as well as some infectious diseases that affect the fetus:
o Hepatitis B
o HIV AIDS
o hemoglobin concentration
o Rh . Factor
o Blood group
o Blood clotting function
o Liver and kidney function.
These tests are usually ordered when you are 8 weeks pregnant. Therefore, if you go to antenatal care when the pregnancy is less than 8 weeks,
At this routine prenatal visit, your doctor will advise you on a few issues:
• Give you folic acid supplements to prevent neural tube defects
• Consulting on issues related to nutrition, diet and food hygiene
• Alerts you for lifestyle factors that can affect your health or your baby’s health, such as working in hazardous environments, smoking, drug and alcohol use, and substance use is different.
• Advice on prenatal screening tests you may need during your pregnancy.
During this prenatal visit, provide your doctor with pregnancy-related information such as:
• Information about your menstrual cycle (regular or irregular)
• You have had a miscarriage , premature birth, preeclampsia, or an infection in a previous pregnancy or birth
• You are being treated for a chronic condition, such as diabetes or high blood pressure
You are taking medicine for a certain disease. If possible, bring medical records, prescriptions or medications that you are taking so that the doctor knows specifically You or any family member has had a child with a birth defect such as Down , spina bifida…
You or a close family member has an inherited disease such as sickle cell or cystic fibrosis.
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Usually, your doctor will make an appointment to see you again in about 4 weeks. Sometimes a routine antenatal check-up is scheduled for the next visit only 1–2 weeks after the first visit. That depends on your health or the development of the fetus, gestational age. You should go to the doctor on time as scheduled.